Tumescent liposuction is a technique in which large amounts of a solution, made up of a local anesthetic, a vasoconstrictor, and saline, are injected under the skin before a tube called a cannula is inserted to suck out the excess fat. As the cannula is moved back and forth by the surgeon, the injected solution causes the areas of excess fat to become swollen and firm, and creates gaps between the fat deposits and muscle tissue.
Because there is more room for the cannula to break up the fat, this results in fewer traumas to the surrounding tissue and much less blood loss. In addition, since the solution aids in the emulsification of the fat, the surgeon does not have to put as much effort into the movement of the tube, which creates less friction under the skin, and results in less damage to the healthy tissue that remains.
In addition, the fact that the cannulae used for this method are smaller also contributes to the reduction in the amount of damage caused to the tissue. This greatly reduces the recovery time needed to heal from the surgery.
Another way that tumescent liposuction contributes to a quicker healing process is that it produces less swelling than the traditional techniques. When the body’s tissue swells, it has a more difficult time healing properly, but since swelling is reduced following this technique, the healing process is shortened significantly. In addition, there is normally a lot less bruising when using the tumescent method, so the amount of time that it usually took to heal the bruises on the skin after basic liposuction has been shortened as well.
This method of liposuction is typically performed without the use of general anesthesia, so it is frequently done on an outpatient basis, and often in a surgical facility rather than a hospital.
On occasion, patients will even stand during the procedure, depending on the area on which the surgery is being performed. Because general anesthesia is not used, the procedure is less taxing on the patient’s body, and the risk of complication is greatly reduced.
This also contributes to a reduced recovery time for the patients, as they are generally up and able to function without the usual side effects associated with general anesthesia, such as grogginess and nausea.
In most cases, the patient can return to work within two days, and can start exercising again in three to seven days. In addition, many patients do not require additional pain medication, as not only is there less damage to the tissue with the tumescent procedure, but the numbing effect from the local anesthetic stays with the patient for up to twenty four hours following the procedure. This greatly minimizes the pain factor post-surgery.
Because the incisions made during tumescent liposuction are smaller than with other forms of the surgery, and they normally do not require stitches, the skin retracts more easily and smoothly as a result. The smaller an incision, the quicker it will heal, so the patient’s skin is able to bounce back much faster because of this.
In summary, by choosing the tumescent liposuction method, patients will drastically reduce their healing and recovery time after the surgery. This technique produces less swelling and bruising, and results in much less blood loss than the traditional dry liposuction technique.
In addition, the use of a local versus a general anesthetic puts less strain on the patient’s body. Finally, smaller incisions are used which do not require stitches, so naturally these will heal faster. It is no wonder that the tumescent method is considered the best, most popular and safest form of liposuction available today.